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SS3 second Term geography past questions and answers

SS3 second Term geography past questions and answers

SS3 Geography questions with options and answers:

Question: What is the term for a deep, steep-sided valley typically formed by the erosion of a river?

A) Canyon
B) Plateau
C) Delta
D) Estuary
Answer: A) Canyon

Question: Which layer of the Earth is composed of solid iron and nickel and is responsible for generating the planet's magnetic field?

A) Mantle
B) Outer core
C) Inner core
D) Crust
Answer: C) Inner core

Question: What is the primary cause of the greenhouse effect?

A) Deforestation
B) Industrial pollution
C) Natural gas emissions
D) Trapping of heat by greenhouse gases
Answer: D) Trapping of heat by greenhouse gases

Question: In which type of forest biome would you find trees that shed their leaves in a specific season?

A) Tropical rainforest
B) Coniferous forest
C) Deciduous forest
D) Taiga
Answer: C) Deciduous forest

Question: Which country is the largest producer of crude oil in the world?

A) United States
B) Russia
C) Saudi Arabia
D) China
Answer: C) Saudi Arabia

Question: What is the term for the process of breaking down rocks into smaller particles through natural forces?

A) Erosion
B) Weathering
C) Deposition
D) Sedimentation
Answer: B) Weathering

Question: The Great Barrier Reef, known for its biodiversity, is located off the coast of which country?

A) Brazil
B) Australia
C) Indonesia
D) Mexico
Answer: B) Australia

Question: Which of the following is an example of a landform created by glacial erosion?

A) Moraine
B) Delta
C) Sand dune
D) Karst landscape
Answer: A) Moraine

Question: What is the term for the periodic warming of sea surface temperatures in the central and eastern Pacific Ocean?

A) El Niño
B) La Niña
C) Monsoon
D) Typhoon
Answer: A) El Niño

Question: Which type of map is specifically designed to show the distribution of rainfall, temperature, and other climate-related variables?

A) Political map
B) Climatic map
C) Economic map
D) Road map
Answer: B) Climatic map

Question: What is the term for the imaginary line that divides the Earth into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere?

A) Equator
B) Prime Meridian
C) Tropic of Cancer
D) Arctic Circle
Answer: A) Equator

Question: Which type of rock is formed from the alteration of existing rocks through heat and pressure?

A) Sedimentary rock
B) Igneous rock
C) Metamorphic rock
D) Fossiliferous rock
Answer: C) Metamorphic rock

Question: What is the primary source of energy driving the Earth's weather and climate?

A) Geothermal energy
B) Solar energy
C) Nuclear energy
D) Wind energy
Answer: B) Solar energy

Question: Which desert is often referred to as the "world's largest hot desert"?

A) Sahara Desert
B) Gobi Desert
C) Antarctic Desert
D) Atacama Desert
Answer: A) Sahara Desert

Question: What is the term for the process of water seeping into the ground and becoming part of the groundwater reservoir?

A) Infiltration
B) Runoff
C) Percolation
D) Evapotranspiration
Answer: A) Infiltration

Question: Which ocean is located between Africa, Asia, Australia, and Antarctica?

A) Indian Ocean
B) Atlantic Ocean
C) Southern Ocean
D) Pacific Ocean
Answer: A) Indian Ocean

Question: The Richter scale is used to measure the intensity of what natural phenomenon?

A) Hurricanes
B) Tornadoes
C) Earthquakes
D) Tsunamis
Answer: C) Earthquakes

Question: What is the term for a large, flowing ice mass that moves under the influence of gravity?

A) Glacier
B) Iceberg
C) Ice shelf
D) Ice cap
Answer: A) Glacier

Question: Which gas is responsible for the formation of the ozone layer in the Earth's stratosphere?

A) Oxygen
B) Nitrogen
C) Ozone
D) Hydrogen
Answer: C) Ozone

Question: What is the term for the process of a substance changing from a gas to a liquid?

A) Evaporation
B) Condensation
C) Sublimation
D) Vaporization
Answer: B) Condensation


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