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ECWA School of Basic Midwifery Past Questions and Answers

ECWA School of Basic Midwifery Past Questions and Answers

What is the primary responsibility of a nurse when administering blood transfusions?
A) Monitoring vital signs, infusion rate, and the patient for any adverse reactions (Answer)
B) Documenting the procedure for billing purposes
C) Administering the blood as quickly as possible
D) Verifying the patient's dietary preferences

Which of the following actions is a nurse's ethical duty during a code blue (cardiopulmonary arrest) situation?
A) Administering pain relief
B) Providing emotional support to the family
C) Initiating life-saving measures (Answer)
D) Administering antibiotics

In nursing, what is the primary function of the Infection Control Nurse?
A) Administering vaccinations
B) Ensuring a clean and organized facility
C) Developing and implementing infection control policies and procedures (Answer)
D) Managing patient admissions

What is the primary goal of infection control in healthcare settings?
A) Reducing patient satisfaction
B) Preventing the spread of infections and maintaining patient safety (Answer)
C) Decreasing healthcare costs
D) Expediting patient discharges

What is the recommended method for disposing of used syringes and needles in a healthcare setting?
A) Leaving them at the patient's bedside
B) Discarding them in a regular trash bin
C) Placing them in a sharps container (Answer)
D) Flushing them down the toilet

What is the role of a charge nurse in a hospital unit?
A) Administering medications to all patients
B) Coordinating and overseeing nursing care on a specific unit (Answer)
C) Maintaining patient confidentiality
D) Performing surgical procedures

When assessing a patient's skin for signs of pressure ulcers, which of the following is a common risk area?
A) Forehead
B) Elbows
C) Sacrum (Answer)
D) Ankles

What is the primary goal of a patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) pump?
A) Administering antibiotics
B) Allowing the patient to self-administer pain medication within prescribed limits (Answer)
C) Providing intravenous fluids
D) Monitoring oxygen levels

What is the purpose of the therapeutic communication technique "reflection" in nursing?
A) To interrupt the patient's speech
B) To paraphrase or repeat what the patient has said to show understanding (Answer)
C) To distract the patient from their concerns
D) To provide unsolicited advice

What is the recommended way to assess a patient's level of consciousness using the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)?
A) Observe the patient's appearance and age
B) Ask the patient about their thoughts and feelings
C) Evaluate the patient's eye, verbal, and motor responses (Answer)
D) Measure the patient's temperature

Which type of isolation precautions are typically used for patients with tuberculosis (TB)?
A) Contact precautions
B) Airborne precautions (Answer)
C) Droplet precautions
D) Standard precautions

In nursing, what is the purpose of a Holter monitor?
A) To measure blood pressure
B) To record a patient's heart rhythm over an extended period (Answer)
C) To assess lung function
D) To evaluate neurological status

When assessing a patient's breath sounds, what is the primary purpose of auscultation?
A) To observe chest movement
B) To measure respiratory rate
C) To identify abnormal breath sounds (Answer)
D) To check for cyanosis

What is the primary role of a nurse in the informed consent process?
A) Diagnosing medical conditions
B) Explaining complex medical procedures
C) Ensuring the patient understands the risks and benefits of a procedure and obtaining their informed consent (Answer)
D) Administering medications

Which of the following is a common symptom of a patient experiencing an allergic reaction to medication?
A) Decreased heart rate
B) Shortness of breath, hives, or rash (Answer)
C) Elevated blood pressure
D) Nausea and vomiting

What is the primary purpose of a nursing handoff report during shift change?
A) Documenting patient histories
B) Discussing personal matters
C) Communicating essential patient information to the oncoming nurse (Answer)
D) Arranging social activities

When administering a blood transfusion, what is the primary purpose of the two-nurse verification process?
A) To ensure the patient is comfortable
B) To expedite the transfusion
C) To confirm the patient's identity and match the blood product (Answer)
D) To document the procedure for billing purposes

What is the recommended temperature range for a warm water sponge bath for a patient?
A) 90-95°F (32-35°C)
B) 70-75°F (21-24°C)
C) 110-115°F (43-46°C)
D) 100-105°F (38-41°C) (Answer)

In nursing care, what does the acronym CVA typically refer to?
A) Continuous Vital Assessment
B) Cardiovascular Anomaly
C) Cerebrovascular Accident (Stroke) (Answer)
D) Clinical Ventilation Assistance

When assessing a patient's pain, what is the recommended pain assessment tool for non-verbal patients, such as infants or those with cognitive impairments?
A) Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS)
B) Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale
C) Behavioral Pain Scale (Answer)
D) Visual Analog Scale (VAS)


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